The 1917 Bisbee Deportation Was NOT Illegal!

You have probably read about the deportation and how it violated the rights of the men who were rounded up. However, a thorough study of the facts will reveal that Sheriff Harry Wheeler and the Loyalty League were fully justified in their actions. Sheriff Wheeler had repeatedly asked for help from federal and state authorities, to no avail. The roundup and deportation of anarchists and illegal strikers, as unpleasant as it was, was the only way to avoid a worse calamity, and the potential loss of hundreds of lives. If the deportation had not occurred, we would very likely be reading about the “Bisbee Massacre.” Sheriff Wheeler would have been blamed for failure to act. His was a thankless, no-win situation, and he paid dearly for it. The affair destroyed his political and law enforcement career, and probably his family. He was not a stooge of the mining companies. He was a patriot, concerned about an illegal strike which threatened America’s ability to obtain much-needed copper in a time of war. Harry Wheeler was a DEMOCRAT, and supported the labor unions in a dispute several years before the deportation. Even Mary Harris (Mother) Jones, the radical union leader, when she met Wheeler, was quite taken with him, and called him “a pretty fine fellow…” The trial of Brown vs. Wootton, which was a test case for trying the men accused of kidnapping on July 12, 1917, resulted in Wootton’s acquittal in the kidnapping of Fred Brown. With the recent attention given to the deportation, it behooves us to do our own research and come to our own conclusions about such important historical events. History is being “re-written” by certain factions of our society, and contrary to what many may say, it is not only justifiable but morally incumbent upon us to protect ourselves and our loved ones. The desire to shed light on this important event in American history was my primary motivation in writing “Law of Necessity.” I have included links on this website so that the reader can do his/her own research, and will include more links in the future.

About Admin

James Rhodes Posted on

James Rhodes was born in Riverside, California in 1960. He has written and illustrated numerous short stories, and illustrated "Master Your Migraine" for Ron Lange, published in 1996. Law of Necessity is his first novel and is the result of years of research. He currently lives in Prescott Valley, Arizona with his wife, Kathy.


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